NameSamuel Stone
BirthJul 1602, Hertford, England
Death20 Jul 1663, Hartford, Connecticut
BurialHartford, Hartford, Connecticut
OccupationPuritan Minister
FatherJohn Stone (~1573-1640)
MotherSarah Rogers (~1577-)
Misc. Notes
Photo is from a statue in Hertford, England.
He is buried along side Thomas Hooker and John Haynes in Center Cemetery, Hartford Congregationalist Church, Hartford, Connecticut. The following is the inscription on his Monument in the old burying ground in the rear of Center Congregationalist Church at Harford:
He is also on a list of names of the Founders of Hartford, on an obelisk in the Center Church Burial Ground, erected 1837. The Founders Monument in the Ancient Burying Ground, also sometimes referred to as the "Old" or "Center" Cemetery. The original brownstone Monument erected in 1837 was replaced by one of pink Connecticut granite in 1986. The cemetery is located at the rear of the First Congregational ("Center") Church at the corner of Main and Gold Streets in Hartford.
Reverend. Came to America on "Griffin" September 4, 1633 with Thomas Hooker & John Cotton. Moved with Thomas Hooker from New Town (Cambridge), Massachusetts to New Town (Hartford), Connecticut in 1636. Chaplain, Pequot War, with Caption John Mason. In Dictionary of National and Dictionary of American Biography.
The concept of a military chaplain came from Europe to North America in the 17th Century as a part of the European colonization.  During the Pequot War of 1637, the Reverend Samuel Stone of the Church of Christ, Hartford, Connecticut, became the first military chaplain to begin active field service in English America.  Influence and prestige marked the position of the chaplain in the militia of colonial America. From:
In 1633, Samuel Stone, along with the Puritan preachers John Cotton and Thomas Hooker, fled to America aboard the Griffin. When the three prominent men arrived in Boston in September, several Puritans quipped that they now had "Cotton for their clothing, Hooker for their fishing, and Stone for their building."
His major work, never published, was "A Whole Body of Divinity." There is a complete transcription in the Massachusetts Historical Society; two partial transcriptions in the Connecticut Historical Society, and a partial transcription in the Boston Public Library. There are some notes on
Stone's sermons in the New York Historical Society, and notes on one sermon in the Beinecke Library at Yale.
In the autumn of 1635, "about sixty men, women and little children, went by land toward Connecticut," says Winthrop's Journal, under date of Oct. 5, 1635, "with their cows, horses and swine, and after a tedious and difficult journey arrived safe there."
The Rev. William DeLoss Love, Ph.D., of Hartford, Conn., who is the author and publisher of "The Colonial History of Hartford" (1914), from which we are freely quoting, and hereby acknowledge our indebtedness, identifies the following as a part of that company, and thinks that they were the pioneers who located their house lots on the north side at that time, namely, Elder William Goodwin, John Steele, William Westwood, Thomas Scott, Stephen Hart, William Pantry, John Barnard, William Butler, William Kelsey, Nathaniel Ely, Nicholas Clark, Richard Webb, Richard Goodman, Edward Elmer, Mathew Marvin, Thomas Stanley, sixteen.
He says, "in the judgment of the wise it was necessary for some to go forward to prepare the way, and there was at least a tacit agreement, to which the ministers were a party, that others would follow the next season."
To the above sixteen he thinks that nine more should be added, inasmuch as their house lots are intermingled with the others, as though they were all selected at one and the same time. Since, however, it is known that some, at least, of the nine, accompanied Hooker in his march the next summer, the author holds that, after selecting their lots in the autumn of 1635, they returned to Newtowne in time to accompany their families in their journey at that time through the wilderness to Suckiaug. the nine were Mathew Allyn, John Stone, Timothy Stanley, Edward Stebbins, James Olmsted, Robert Day, John Talcott, William Lewis, Clement Chapin. Two lots were reserved - one each for Rev. Thomas Hooker and Rev. Samuel Stone.
The First Church of Hartford justly stands in the forefront as one of the historic churches of New England. Founded by the learned and beloved Rev. Thomas Hooker who led in person the church through the wilderness from Cambridge to Hartford, he left the stamp and impress of his great personality and teachings upon them when, in 1647, eleven years after their arrival, he passed away. With the most judicious management such a crisis would not be easily passed, but when Rev. Samuel Stone, the assistant, assumed the pastorate with some innovations, some deviation in doctrines, and a new bent in ecclesiastical procedure, it is not surprising that others were quick to resent it, and the little fire of controversy rose to a great conflagration. Out of the imperfect records of the time it is difficult to determine the exact cause or causes of the controversy. It probably involved some questions of church order. Mr. Stone stood for "a speaking aristocracy in the face of a silent democracy."
A minister had spent some time in Hartford and preached on several occasions. It was deemed by many to be wise and courteous to put to vote the question of his call to the pastorate. this Mr. Stone would not allow, and this he acknowledges in a paper draw up in 1657 and concedes that the brethren had the right or liberty to have done what he did not permit, and "that he ought to have left the church to their liberty in voting." William Goodwin was the Ruling Elder, the Moderator at church meetings which it was his duty to call and dismiss; to prepare business for action of the church, superintend the conduct of members, and preach in the absence of the pastor or teacher. (2d Church, p. 17) In these duties or many of them, he was probably thwarted by Mr. Stone the acting pastor, and both being determined men the "conflict between opposite principles of ecclesiastical order," as Dr. Leonard Bacon described it, waxed hot. To this was added a growing demand for an enlargement of baptismal privileges. As taught by Hooker, and original Congregationalism in N.E. only children of members in full communion were proper subjects of baptism, but Mr. Stone espoused to the idea of extending the privilege to those outside the communion and also to extend the voting privilege to non-communicants. (2d Church, p. 20, p. 33, p. 34) These views leading to sharp attrition, a ukase was agreed upon and a council was convened in Hartford in Dine, 1656. The petition for the council was signed by George Steel, Ozias Goodwin, Will Partrigg, John Marsh, Isaac Graves, Benjamin Harbert, William Leawis, Thomas Bunc, John Webster, John Cullick, Nathaniel Ward, Andrew Bacon, Andrew Warner, John White, John Crow, Thomas Standley, John Barnard, Gregory Woolterton, John Arnold, Zachary Fild, Richard Church. The Council was composed of ministers from the Connecticut churches with one or two from the New Haven Colony (2d Church, p. 26, pp. 23, 24, 25). They decided that mutual satisfaction should be given on both sides, each to the other, that in case further differences arose and the dissenting brethren should desire.
Hartford & Its History
Hartford, Connecticut. Although the name might not be familiar to those living abroad, it is well known in North America as a model city of reforms. Hartford is taken from the name Hereford in Herefordshire, England, the birthplace of Rev. Samuel Stone, Thomas Hooker's assistant and the first to be named on the Indian deed to Hartford in 1636. The steady and purposeful determination of its earliest settlers gives one the best sense of how this country began. The Fundamental Order, established in 1639, was the first constitution in the new colony. Hartford was also the only colony that did not return its Charter to James II in 1687 when the other colonies did. The Charter was hidden in an oak tree for two years until James II was no longer in power. This is the reason Connecticut is referred to as The Constitution State.
from: : For the genealogist researching his or her early New England ancestors, Winthrop's journal, especially in the early years, will note ship arrivals, give the number of passengers, and sometimes mention by name the most prominent individuals, such as ministers and members of the gentry. For example, his entry for 4 September 1633 reads:
The Griffin, a ship of 300 ton, arrived. She brought about 200 passengers, having lost some 4, whereof one was drowned 2 days before as he was casting forth a line to take mackerel. In this ship came Mr. Cotton [Reverend John Cotton, 1584-1652], Mr. Hooker [Reverend Thomas Hooker, 1586-1647], and Mr. Stone [Reverend Samuel Stone, 1602-1533], ministers, and Mr. Peirce, Mr. Haynes (a gentleman of great estate), Mr. Hoffe, and many other men of good estates (p. 55).
The Nash Family, Records of the Descendants of Thomas Nash of New Haven, Connecticut 1640, by Reverend Sylvester Nash, Hartford, Press of Case, Tiffany and Company 1853 Reprinted by The Higginson Book Company ISBN 0-8328-0896-2
From A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records by Charles William Manwaring: (Some of the words are not standardized spelling...that was not done until later - by Noah Webster, who was born in West Hartford in 1758.)
Will of Rev. Samuel Stone. Invt. 563 pounds. Taken Nov 1663 by John Allyn,
William Wadsworth. Will not dated.
"It is my will that Mrs. Elizabeth Stone, my loving wife, shall be my Agent & Sole Executrix, and that without any intanglemt or feare; the legacyes given to her selfe being firstly possessed all & every one of them as they follow, & the after legacyes to be made good out of the remayning
estate if sufficient; otherwise, a distribution according to that proportion. Yet if there happen any overplus, to be wholy & solely at the dispose to my sd. wife.
Also, I give unto my sd. wife, during the term of her life, half my howsing & land within the libertyes of Hartford, & to have the free dispose of the valew of the sd. halfe of my land at the time of her death, by legacy or otherwise; & also farther it is my will & I doe freely give unto my wife all the household stuff that I had with her when I married her, to be at her free dispose as she shall see cause.
I give to my sonne Samuel Stone, at the time of my decease, the other halfe of my houseing & Lands within the libertyes of Hartford aforesd. Also, I give unto my sonne all my books except such as are otherwise disposed of. Provided (that if) my sonne Samuel depart this life before he is married, that then the whole of this my prsent legacy shall return to & be wholly at the dispose of my wife. Also, unto my daughter Elizabeth I doe give & order to be payd the full sum of 100 pounds in household goods, Chattells & other country pay what my wife can best parte wthall, or in Two or three acres of Land at price currant before the sd. Land be divided betwixt my wife & sonne as aforesayd, & this sayd Legacy to be performed & made good wth in Two yeares afterthemarriage of my daughter Elizabeth. Provided, that if my sayd daughter shall match or
dispose of her self in marriage either wth out or Crosse to the minds of her mother & the minde & Consent of my Overseers, then this my Last will concerneing her to stand voyd & she gladly to accept of such summe & quantity or portion as her sayd mother shall freely dispose of her. Or And in case my sayd daughter shall dye & depart this world Before she receive her sayd portion,
the whole thereof shall fully returne & belong unto my sayd wife at her dispose.
Also, as a token of my Fatherly Love & respect, I doe give unto my three daughters, Rebecca, Mary & Sarah, forty shillings each of them, to be payd them by my wife in houshold stuffe as it shall be prized in Inventorie.
I desire Mr. Matthew Allyn, my Brother William Wadsworth, Mr. John Allyn
& my sonne Joseph Fitch, overseers."
Winess: Bray Rosseter
Court Record, Page 12-3 March, 1663: Will proven.
Deathbef Nov 1640
ChildrenRebekah (1625-1709)
 Sarah (1627-)
Death6 Jun 1681, Hartford, Connecticut
ChildrenElizabeth (~1644-)
 Samuel (~1642-)
Last Modified 29 Jun 2000Created 9 Jun 2013 using Reunion for Macintosh